Environmental Threats

King Tides Help People Visualize Sea Level Rise Around Coastal Washington

March 26, 2019

Washington Sea Grant held viewing parties in Oak Harbor and Raymond in January to help local residents understand the effects of sea level rise  

Sea level rise has major implications for coastal Washington. The recent projections released by Washington Sea Grant, WA Department of Ecology, UW Climate Impacts Group, The Nature Conservancy, and other partners predict approximately one foot of sea level rise by 2050, and up to two feet by 2100.

Bridget Trosin, Coastal Policy Specialist at WSG, helps people connect sea level rise projections to reality. And in Raymond and Oak Harbor this last January, 70 attendees got a first-hand look at what these projections might mean for their communities. In turn, people could communicate these impacts to decision-makers using the citizen science MyCoast app.

These viewing parties are part of Trosin’s work with the King Tides Program, which monitors the extent of very high tides throughout coastal Washington. “We use king tides to communicate the effects of sea level rise and what it will look like in the future,” she explains. “We invited the public down to the waterfront to talk about what a king tide is, Washington State’s King Tide program, and talk about sea level projections,” she said. The projections that were created for the state take into account the local variability within coastal Washington’s complex landscape. This variability can be due to tectonic plate movement, the shape of the sea floor, tides, weather, and human modifications to the shoreline. So, understanding how these projections will affect local infrastructure and ecosystems is challenging.

The term king tide, Trosin explained, describes the most extreme high tides in any given year. Caused by the alignment of the sun, moon and Earth (called syzygy) or when the sun is closest to the Earth (a point called perihelion), these series of unusual tides occur regularly four to five times a year. While king tides are a natural phenomenon, their unusually high extent help scientists, planners and decision-makers visualize how sea level rise will affect communities. With sea level rise, today’s king tides are likely to become the everyday tides across our region, which means king tides provide a real-time window into the future of Washington shorelines.

As the king tide came rolling into Oak Harbor, Island County planners were present to show how the recent sea level rise projections are used at the county level. In Raymond, sea level rise projections were derived from NOAA’s Sea Level Rise Viewer, giving the public a window into the future of sea level rise.

Tracking the impacts on every shoreline in Washington during a king tide is a tall order. However, the public are encouraged to help in this effort. The MyCoast app enables the public to communicate with decision-makers and help scientists identify effects of sea level rise around coastal Washington. The process is simple: during a king tide (the next tides are set to occur in November), take a photo of a stationary landmark or important location on the water, and upload to the app. Within only a few months of release, there have been 56 reports with over 110 photos from all regions of Washington.

All this data will help scientists, planners and community members understand and communicate the effect of sea level rise in Washington.

Download MyCoast on either Android or iOS.

Captions: Top left: Bridget Trosin (WSG) presents to the public at Oak Harbor. Bottom header: Oak Harbor king tide on January 19.


Ocean Acidification Outreach, Presentations, Webinars

Meg Chadsey, Ocean Acidification Specialist

WSG has responded to the governor’s Washington State Blue Ribbon Panel on Ocean Acidification by offering print and online outreach materials on acidification, conducting frequent public presentations, and working with NOAA to produce monthly webinars.
An online collection of ocean acidification (OA) curricula for K-12 classrooms is available and, in partnership with the Puget Sound Restoration Fund and Suquamish Tribe, WSG is helping the Bainbridge Island School District to incorporate OA course and fieldwork into their high school environmental science classes.

SoundToxins Monitoring for Harmful Algal Blooms

Teri King, Marine Water Quality Specialist


The SoundToxins partnership was conceived and initiated by the Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC-NOAA) but is now co-directed by WSG. SoundToxin’s roster of partners has grown from four in 2006 to 23, some of which monitor more than one site along Puget Sound. The SoundToxins program aims to provide sufficient warning of harmful algal bloom (HAB) events to enable early or selective harvesting of seafood to minimize risk to human health and reduce economic losses to community stakeholders such as Puget Sound fisheries. SoundToxins is a robust citizen science project involving hundreds of community members that regularly document unusual bloom events and new species entering the Salish Sea. WSG specialists provide volunteer coordination, training and communication services for SoundToxins.

To ensure volunteers have current information to help with monitoring, the SoundToxins Manual was revised in 2016. While much of the material is highly technical, this manual also can help educate lay readers about HABs.

Early warning of HABs and adaptive monitoring

SoundToxins is assisting the State Department of Health by providing early warning of harmful algal bloom events with phytoplankton monitoring. The SoundToxins partnership, through its weekly monitoring of phytoplankton at sites around Puget Sound, enables state officials to target shellfish monitoring at those sites with the greatest risk of HAB toxicity. If you are interested in becoming a volunteer or receiving additional information:


WSG Crab Team: Green Crab Monitoring Program

Jeff Adams, Marine Ecologist

The European green crab (Carcinus maenas) is considered one of the world’s 100 worst invasive species. Its impacts on the Washington Coast appear to have been minimal to date, but its potential effects on inland ecosystems are uncertain.

Following the discovery of green crab just west of Victoria, B.C., in 2012, WSG teamed up with the Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife and other partners to establish a volunteer monitoring program — the WSG Crab Team — in Puget Sound, the San Juan Islands and the Strait of Juan de Fuca. This program works in tandem with an outreach campaign to increase the likelihood of detecting green crab infestations early.

After the WSG Crab Team detected the first green crab on San Juan Island in 2016, they expanded to 54 monitoring sites. Additional green crab were subsequently found in Padilla Bay, Sequim Bay and Whidbey Island by WSG Crab Team and volunteers or professional agency or tribal staff that were advised by the team. These are the first confirmed captures of  green crab along Washington’s inland shorelines. Such early detection offers the best chance for controlling the green crab and protecting important natural resources.

Learn more about preventing a crustacean invasion.

If you are interested in becoming a volunteer monitor: